Countries and companies are failing to report their emissions accurately, despite obligations to do so under the Paris agreement, new data has shown.
It shows electricity generation in China and India, and oil and gas production in the US, have produced the biggest increases in global greenhouse gas emissions since 2015, when the Paris climate agreement was signed. Emissions of methane, have also risen despite more than 100 countries signing up to a pledge to reduce the gas.
The analysis comes from former US vice-president Al Gore’s Climate Trace initiative. Gore spoke to the Guardian about it yesterday, and Fiona Harvey, Oliver Milman and Damian Carrington have the full story here:
Protests are strictly controlled at Cop28, but this dugong is getting her message across to delegates as they arrive for day four of the summit.
Good morning! This is Alan Evans, bringing you coverage from the fourth day of the UN’s Cop28 climate summit.
The Guardian will be liveblogging the negotiations throughout. You can email me on firstname.lastname@example.org or on X/Twitter at @itsalanevans, and my colleague Jonathan Watts (email@example.com) will take over later on.
Today’s official themes are health, relief, recovery and peace, so we can expect several announcements and reports on those subjects.
Here are some of yesterday’s highlights:
Colombia, a major fossil fuel producer, has formally joined an alliance of nations calling for a fossil fuel non-proliferation treaty to prevent the “omnicide of planet Earth”.
The US was one of several countries to join an alliance to phase out power plants that burn coal and announced rules to cut its methane emissions.
At least 117 governments agreed to triple the world’s capacity of renewable energy by 2030 and double the rate of energy efficiency improvements.
Fifty oil and gas companies signed a “decarbonisation charter” that analysts have criticised for ignoring the emissions spewed when customers burn the fuels.
Twenty-two countries have pledged to triple nuclear capacity by 2050.
Read more in our main news wrap from yesterday: